统计代写|数据可视化代写Data visualization代考|ST537


如果你也在 怎样代写数据可视化Data visualization这个学科遇到相关的难题,请随时右上角联系我们的24/7代写客服。


couryes-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写数据可视化Data visualization方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写数据可视化Data visualization代写方面经验极为丰富,各种代写数据可视化Data visualization相关的作业也就用不着说。

我们提供的数据可视化Data visualization及其相关学科的代写,服务范围广, 其中包括但不限于:

  • Statistical Inference 统计推断
  • Statistical Computing 统计计算
  • Advanced Probability Theory 高等概率论
  • Advanced Mathematical Statistics 高等数理统计学
  • (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
  • Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
  • Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
  • Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础
统计代写|数据可视化代写Data visualization代考|ST537

统计代写|数据可视化代写Data visualization代考|Statistical Albums

$\Lambda$ final exemplar of the Golden $\Lambda$ ge was a collection of government projects of unparalleled graphical excellence, scope, and beauty. The collection, organization, and dissemination of official government statistics on population, trade and commerce, and social and political issues became widespread in most European countries from about 1820 to 1870 . After about 1870 , the enthusiasm for graphic representation took hold in many of the state statistical bureaus in Europe and the United States, resulting in the preparation of a large number of statistical atlases and albums. As befits state agencies, the statistical content and presentation goals of these albums varied widely, and the subject matter was often mundane, but the results were spectacular, even today.

In the United States, the US Census Bureau, under the direction of Francis Walker, produced statistical atlases to depict the demographic characteristics of the population by age, gender, religion, and national origin, but occasionally some wider topics: manufacturing and resources, taxation, poverty, and crime. In France, the Ministry of Public Works focused largely on aspects of trade, commerce, and transportation. ${ }^{15}$

Regardless of their content, the resulting publications are impressive, for their wide range of graphic methods and often for the great skill of visual design they reflect. As we shall see, they often anticipated graphical forms and ideas that were only reinvented after 1970.

统计代写|数据可视化代写Data visualization代考|The Album de Statistique Graphique

Minard’s graphic works at the ENPC were very influential in government bureaus in France, so much so that nearly every minister in the Ministry of Public Works from 1850 to 1860 had his official portrait painted with one of Minard’s works in the background. ${ }^{16}$ In March 1878 , the ministry established a bureau of statistical graphics under the direction of Émile Cheysson [18361910]. Like Minard, Cheysson had been an engineer at the ENPC until his appointment to the Ministry of Public Works. He was the major representative of France in committees on the standardization of graphical methods at the International Statistical Congresses from 1872 on.

By July 1878, the new bureau was given its marching orders and charged to “prepare (figurative) maps and diagrams expressing in graphic form statistical documents relating to the flow of passenger travel and freight on lines of communication of any kind and at the seaports, and to the construction and exploitation of these lines and ports; in sum, all the economic facts, technical or financial, which relate to statistics and may be of interest to the administration of public works.” ${ }^{\text {17 }}$

From 1879 to 1897 the statistical bureau published the Album de Statistique Graphique. These volumes were large-format quarto books (about $11 \times 15$ in.), and many of the plates folded out to four or six times that size; all plates were printed in color and with great attention to layout and composition. Funkhouser noted (1937, p. 336) that “the Albums present the finest specimens of French graphic work in the century and considerable pride was taken in them by the French people, statisticians and laymen alike.” It is no stretch to claim these volumes as the pinnacle of the Golden Age, an exquisite sampler of nearly all known graphical forms, and a few that made their first appearance in these volumes. ${ }^{18}$

These albums had two general themes: the main topics concerned economic and financial data reelated to the planning, development and administration of public works – transport of passengers and freight, by rail, on inland waterways and through seaports; imports, exports, and expenditures on infrastructure. In addition, occasional topics, which varied from year to year, included such subjects as agriculture, population growth, transport, international expositions in Paris, and so forth. The first theme was the raison dềtre of the bureau; the second allowed Cheysson and his team to delight their readers with something new, relevant to a topic of interest, often using some novel graphic design. The menu for ministers and officials who received these reports was clear: bread and butter were served with a hardy main course of visualized statistics, followed by eye-candy for dessert.

统计代写|数据可视化代写Data visualization代考|ST537




$\Lambda$最后的范例的黄金$\Lambda$ ge是一个集合的政府项目无与伦比的图形卓越,范围,和美丽。从大约1820年到1870年,收集、组织和传播有关人口、贸易和商业以及社会和政治问题的官方政府统计数据在大多数欧洲国家变得普遍起来。大约在1870年以后,对图形表示的热情在欧洲和美国的许多国家统计局扎根,导致了大量的统计地图集和相册的编写。与国家机构相适应的是,这些专辑的统计内容和呈现目标差异很大,主题往往是平凡的,但结果是壮观的,即使在今天 在美国,美国人口普查局在弗朗西斯·沃克的指导下,编制了统计地图集,按年龄、性别、宗教和国籍来描述人口的人口特征,但偶尔也会列出一些更广泛的主题:制造业和资源、税收、贫困和犯罪。在法国,公共工程部主要关注贸易、商业和交通方面。${ }^{15}$




密纳德在法国国家工程中心的绘画作品在法国政府部门中非常有影响力,以至于从1850年到1860年,几乎每一位公共工程部长的官方肖像背景都是密纳德的作品。${ }^{16}$ 1878年3月,该部在Émile Cheysson[18361910]的领导下设立了统计制图局。和密纳德一样,Cheysson在被任命到公共工程部之前一直是ENPC的一名工程师。自1872年起,他是法国在国际统计大会图形方法标准化委员会中的主要代表

到1878年7月,新成立的局接到了行动命令,并受命“编制(形象的)地图和图表,以图形的形式表示有关任何交通线路和海港上的旅客、旅行和货运流量,以及这些线路和港口的建设和利用的统计文件;总之,与统计有关并可能与公共工程管理有关的所有经济事实、技术或财务事实。”${ }^{\text {17 }}$

从1879年到1897年,统计局出版了《统计画册》。这些书都是大画幅的四开本(大约$11 \times 15$英寸),许多版折起来有四到六倍那么大;所有的印版都是彩色印刷的,版面和构图都非常讲究。Funkhouser指出(1937年,第336页),“相册展示了这个世纪法国图形作品的最好标本,法国人民、统计学家和外行人都为此感到非常自豪。”毫不夸张地说,这些卷是黄金时代的顶峰,是几乎所有已知图形形式的精美样本,其中一些是在这些卷中首次出现的。${ }^{18}$

这些专辑有两个一般主题:主要主题是与公共工程的规划、发展和管理有关的经济和财政数据- -通过铁路、内河水道和通过海港的旅客和货物运输;进口,出口,基础设施支出。此外,每年都有不同的专题,如农业、人口增长、交通、巴黎国际博览会等。第一个主题是这个局存在的理由;第二个是让Cheysson和他的团队用一些与感兴趣的话题相关的新东西来取悦他们的读者,通常使用一些新颖的图形设计。收到这些报告的部长和官员们的菜单很清楚:面包和黄油配上一份硬汉的可视化统计主菜,然后是赏心悦目的甜点

统计代写|数据可视化代写Data visualization代考 请认准statistics-lab™

统计代写请认准statistics-lab™. statistics-lab™为您的留学生涯保驾护航。







术语 广义线性模型(GLM)通常是指给定连续和/或分类预测因素的连续响应变量的常规线性回归模型。它包括多元线性回归,以及方差分析和方差分析(仅含固定效应)。



有限元是一种通用的数值方法,用于解决两个或三个空间变量的偏微分方程(即一些边界值问题)。为了解决一个问题,有限元将一个大系统细分为更小、更简单的部分,称为有限元。这是通过在空间维度上的特定空间离散化来实现的,它是通过构建对象的网格来实现的:用于求解的数值域,它有有限数量的点。边界值问题的有限元方法表述最终导致一个代数方程组。该方法在域上对未知函数进行逼近。[1] 然后将模拟这些有限元的简单方程组合成一个更大的方程系统,以模拟整个问题。然后,有限元通过变化微积分使相关的误差函数最小化来逼近一个解决方案。





随机过程,是依赖于参数的一组随机变量的全体,参数通常是时间。 随机变量是随机现象的数量表现,其时间序列是一组按照时间发生先后顺序进行排列的数据点序列。通常一组时间序列的时间间隔为一恒定值(如1秒,5分钟,12小时,7天,1年),因此时间序列可以作为离散时间数据进行分析处理。研究时间序列数据的意义在于现实中,往往需要研究某个事物其随时间发展变化的规律。这就需要通过研究该事物过去发展的历史记录,以得到其自身发展的规律。


多元回归分析渐进(Multiple Regression Analysis Asymptotics)属于计量经济学领域,主要是一种数学上的统计分析方法,可以分析复杂情况下各影响因素的数学关系,在自然科学、社会和经济学等多个领域内应用广泛。


MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中,其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括:数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发,包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统,其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题,尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题,而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问,这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展,得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中,它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域,MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要,工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数(M 文件)的综合集合,可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。

Post a Comment

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注