## 经济代写|宏观经济学代写Macroeconomics代考|EC 4505

2022年7月19日

couryes-lab™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在代写宏观经济学Macroeconomics方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的统计Statistics代写服务。我们的专家在代写宏观经济学Macroeconomics代写方面经验极为丰富，各种代写宏观经济学Macroeconomics相关的作业也就用不着说。

• Statistical Inference 统计推断
• Statistical Computing 统计计算
• (Generalized) Linear Models 广义线性模型
• Statistical Machine Learning 统计机器学习
• Longitudinal Data Analysis 纵向数据分析
• Foundations of Data Science 数据科学基础
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## 经济代写|宏观经济学代写Macroeconomics代考|Real estate

1. To understand how real estate is valued.
2. We will examine what factors, such as demographics, cause the value of real estate to change over time.
3. We will also consider real estate from the perspective of investment, including a brief description of a few tax considerations.

By its very nature, real estate is different from any other kind of investment. No other physical or financial asset behaves quite like real property. The total value of all real estate in the U.S. is estimated to be worth over 36 trillion dollars as of 2020, which was almost two times our annual GDP. Real estate represents perhaps $20 \%$ of the value of all assets in the U.S., making it critical to understand its role in the overall economy as well as our individual economic lives.

Whether it is our personal home or business property, it is the largest asset in value that most people own. We form emotional attachments to real estate as a result of life experiences and memories that are connected to particular buildings or land, making it sometimes difficult to separate that connection in order to take an objective approach to buying and selling property. And because we all live, work and play in or on real estate every day, we have a sense of understanding about it that is not necessarily characteristic of other investment categories.

But do we really understand the impact of real estate values in the ups and downs of the economy? Of all of the lost value in various asset categories during the 2008-2009 Great Recession, real estate suffered perhaps the most severely, with far-reaching impacts on the lives of many people. So, our focus for discussion is aimed at gaining a better understanding of how real estate is valued, how its value changes over time, and how to think about it from a purely investment standpoint.

## 经济代写|宏观经济学代写Macroeconomics代考|Valuing a real property investment

For the average citizen, real estate ownership means purchasing a home. Most of us will never become investors in commercial property. However,when we think of the way property is valued, investment becomes an important concept. Because the guidelines for determining the fair market value of an investment property are based on objective measures, they can also be helpful when entering the market for a home. The basic skills that investors use will certainly benefit a buyer who is attempting to balance the needs of his or her family with budgetary constraints. And even if one’s budget is not the primary focus, learning to think like an investor certainly cannot hurt when purchasing a home.

Valuation methodology as applied to income producing real estate is well understood by most real estate investors. The predominant method used to determine value for this type of property, the Income Capitalization Approach, begins with one simple question: how much rent will it produce? Of course, an investor will want to look at other elements such as the condition of the property, any anticipated extraordinary costs, possible zoning or regulatory changes and other concerns that could impact the current or future value of the property. As with any investment, income and appreciation may be the two most important factors, but particularly with real estate, the starting point is typically its annual cash flow.

It should be noted that there are a number of methodologies available for property valuation. Capitalization of Income is one of several methods used by valuation professionals and sophisticated investors. While others, such as Discounted Cash Flows, are sometimes used, the Capitalization of Income approach is the most common. Primarily due to its fundamental premise, which extrapolates a future market value from current operating income, it seems particularly well suited for valuing investment real estate.

# 统计推断代考

## 经济代写|宏观经济学代写Macroeconomics代考|Real estate

1. 了解房地产是如何估值的。
2. 我们将研究哪些因素（例如人口统计数据）导致房地产价值随时间发生变化。
3. 我们也会从投资的角度来考虑房地产，包括一些税收考虑的简要说明。

## 有限元方法代写

tatistics-lab作为专业的留学生服务机构，多年来已为美国、英国、加拿大、澳洲等留学热门地的学生提供专业的学术服务，包括但不限于Essay代写，Assignment代写，Dissertation代写，Report代写，小组作业代写，Proposal代写，Paper代写，Presentation代写，计算机作业代写，论文修改和润色，网课代做，exam代考等等。写作范围涵盖高中，本科，研究生等海外留学全阶段，辐射金融，经济学，会计学，审计学，管理学等全球99%专业科目。写作团队既有专业英语母语作者，也有海外名校硕博留学生，每位写作老师都拥有过硬的语言能力，专业的学科背景和学术写作经验。我们承诺100%原创，100%专业，100%准时，100%满意。

## MATLAB代写

MATLAB 是一种用于技术计算的高性能语言。它将计算、可视化和编程集成在一个易于使用的环境中，其中问题和解决方案以熟悉的数学符号表示。典型用途包括：数学和计算算法开发建模、仿真和原型制作数据分析、探索和可视化科学和工程图形应用程序开发，包括图形用户界面构建MATLAB 是一个交互式系统，其基本数据元素是一个不需要维度的数组。这使您可以解决许多技术计算问题，尤其是那些具有矩阵和向量公式的问题，而只需用 C 或 Fortran 等标量非交互式语言编写程序所需的时间的一小部分。MATLAB 名称代表矩阵实验室。MATLAB 最初的编写目的是提供对由 LINPACK 和 EISPACK 项目开发的矩阵软件的轻松访问，这两个项目共同代表了矩阵计算软件的最新技术。MATLAB 经过多年的发展，得到了许多用户的投入。在大学环境中，它是数学、工程和科学入门和高级课程的标准教学工具。在工业领域，MATLAB 是高效研究、开发和分析的首选工具。MATLAB 具有一系列称为工具箱的特定于应用程序的解决方案。对于大多数 MATLAB 用户来说非常重要，工具箱允许您学习应用专业技术。工具箱是 MATLAB 函数（M 文件）的综合集合，可扩展 MATLAB 环境以解决特定类别的问题。可用工具箱的领域包括信号处理、控制系统、神经网络、模糊逻辑、小波、仿真等。